中国生态旅游 ›› 2022, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (3): 343-357.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20210093

• 研究综述 •    下一篇

旅游经济地理研究的理论问题:反思与探索

刘逸1,2()   

  1. 1.中山大学旅游学院,广州 510275
    2.中山大学可持续旅游智能评测技术文化和旅游部重点实验室,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2021-10-11 修回日期:2022-06-06 出版日期:2022-06-28 发布日期:2022-08-26
  • 作者简介:刘逸(1980-),男,副教授,博士生导师,研究方向为经济地理、旅游地理、全球化与区域发展。E-mail: liuyi89@mail.sysu.edu.cn

Theoretical progress of tourism economic geography: Reflections and critiques

Liu Yi1,2()   

  1. 1. School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Sustainable Tourism Smart Assessment Technology, Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2021-10-11 Revised:2022-06-06 Published:2022-06-28 Online:2022-08-26

摘要:

在全球化和互联网高速发展的时代背景下,旅游经济活动的空间格局和行为逻辑发生剧烈的转变。本文从旅游经济活动的地理属性出发,对旅游经济活动的地理研究进行回顾,重点评述了国际旅游地理学界所做的多次探索,并对核心问题的理论依据与逻辑进行阐述。研究发现:当前研究尚未明晰旅游活动的基本地理逻辑,理论框架较为模糊,且过度依赖新经济地理中的演化理论,研究边界和研究问题尚未清晰。基于此,本文以经典的旅游系统论为理论框架,提出旅游经济地理现象研究的3个关键理论问题:(1)旅游空间粘性影响下的旅游市场空间生产机制;(2)流动范式的地理逻辑带来的新型人地互动关系;(3)弱关系空间组织下的旅游目的地经济发展一般机制。本研究所做的尝试,有助于提升旅游地理理论的解释力和适用性,也有助于推动主流经济地理学对旅游话题的关注。

关键词: 旅游经济地理, 旅游地理, 理论构建, 空间粘性, 新型人地关系, 目的地演化

Abstract:

In the era of globalization and the rapid development of the Internet, the spatial pattern and behavioral logic of tourism activities have undergone drastic changes. From the standpoint of geographical attributes of tourism economic activities, this paper comprehensively reviewed the geographical studies regarding the tourism activities with the focus on the explorations conducted by academia in tourism geography, and commented on the theoretical foundations and logic of the key issues. The research found the current research of tourism economic geography is still in a relatively loose stage with many ambiguities and lacking a systematic theoretical framework; it is also overly dependent on the theories of evolutionary economic geography and leaves the boundary and research question of tourism geography not clarified. Based on these findings and informed by the classic theory of tourism system, this article proposes three core basic theoretical issues of tourism economic geography: (1) The spatial organization and structure of tourism activities under the influence of the spatial stickiness; (2) The new human-space relations generated by the spatial diffusion mechanism of tourism activities; (3) The new developmental mechanism of the evolution of tourist destinations based on the weak spatial organization of production. The attempts of this research have actively promoted the theoretical construction of tourism geography, enhanced the explanatory power and applicability of tourism geography theory, and attracted mainstream economic geographical scholars’ attention to tourism economic geography.

Key words: tourism economic geography, tourism geography, theorization, spatial stickiness, new human-place relation, destination evolution