中国生态旅游 ›› 2022, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (3): 429-441.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20220024

• 边境旅游 • 上一篇    下一篇

国家安全视域下东北地区边境旅游发展研究

崔哲浩(), 吴雨晴, 张俊杰   

  1. 延边大学经济管理学院, 延吉 133002
  • 收稿日期:2022-03-31 修回日期:2022-06-15 出版日期:2022-06-28 发布日期:2022-08-26
  • 作者简介:崔哲浩(1973-),男,博士,教授,研究方向为边境旅游、民族旅游。 E-mail: cuizhh@ybu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(17BJY013);国家民委民族研究项目(2018-GMB-040);吉林省社会科学基金项目(2016B306)

Research on the development of border tourism in Northeast China from the perspective of national security

Cui Zhehao(), Wu Yuqing, Zhang Junjie   

  1. College of Economics & Management, Yanbian University, Yanji 133002, China
  • Received:2022-03-31 Revised:2022-06-15 Published:2022-06-28 Online:2022-08-26

摘要:

边境旅游是一种极其特殊的旅游形式,其本身的政治敏感性使其在发展过程中具有一定的不安全性,同时这种不安全性对边境旅游的进一步发展产生影响。在对国家安全与边境旅游关系进行阐述的基础上,本研究以东北地区代表性的边境旅游城市为案例,分析东北地区边境旅游发展中的国家安全问题。研究认为:社会安全是影响东北地区边境旅游安全的共性问题,不同边境地区旅游安全问题存在差异,中朝边境、中蒙边境旅游的安全问题分别为旅游者安全和文化安全,而影响中俄边境旅游安全的问题包括经济安全、生态资源安全、国民安全。引发边境旅游安全问题的原因主要是地缘政治因素、社会经济因素和社会文化因素。建议从完善边境旅游安全管控机制,推动“旅游两区”深入发展,加强国内外民族文化交流,深化中华民族共同体意识等4个层面,加强东北地区边境旅游安全治理。

关键词: 边境旅游, 国家安全, 安全治理, 东北地区

Abstract:

Border tourism is a very special form of tourism with a nature of political sensitivity, which creates a sense of insecurity in the development process; the insecurity has an impact on the further development of border tourism. To analyze the relationship between national security and border tourism, this study selects a representative border tourism city in Northeast China as cases to study the national security issues in the development of border tourism. The study proposed that social security is a common issue affecting border tourism security in Northeast China, and the security of border tourism varies in different areas. Tourist security and cultural security are the issues that influence tourism on China-Korea border and the China-Mongolia border, whilst economic security, ecological resource security, and residents’security are the issues affecting the tourism security of the Sino-Russian border. The main causes of border tourism security are geopolitical factors, socio-economic factors and socio-cultural factors. It is suggested to strengthen the security governance of border tourism in Northeast China from four aspects, including the improvement of control system of border tourism security, the integration of the in-depth development of “Two Tourism Zones”, the advancement of domestic and foreign cultural exchanges, and the awareness intensification of the Chinese nation’s community.

Key words: border tourism, national security, security governance, Northeast China