中国生态旅游 ›› 2021, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (2): 217-228.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20200005

• 旅游生态环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

旅游地居民环境行为研究综述

王凯(), 唐小惠   

  1. 湖南师范大学旅游学院,长沙 410081
  • 收稿日期:2020-12-29 修回日期:2021-03-05 出版日期:2021-04-28 发布日期:2021-04-28
  • 作者简介:王凯(1969-),男,教授,博士生导师,主要从事旅游发展与管理研究。E-mail: kingviry@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    湖南省社会科学基金项目(18YBA318)

A review of residents' environmental behavior in tourist destinations

WANG Kai(), TANG Xiaohui   

  1. Tourism College of Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
  • Received:2020-12-29 Revised:2021-03-05 Published:2021-04-28 Online:2021-04-28

摘要:

旅游地居民环境行为研究是旅游情境下环境行为研究不可或缺的环节。本文从研究进展、研究内容和研究方法3个方面出发,对旅游地居民环境行为的国内外研究进行梳理和分析。研究发现:(1)旅游地居民环境行为研究起步较晚,大致经历了萌芽(2002—2004年)、起步(2005—2013年)和发展(2014—2020年)3个阶段,国内外研究成果均较少,国外研究成果领先于国内;(2)旅游地居民地环境行为的概念界定尚未统一,测量量表的开发也较为薄弱;影响因素探究是旅游地居民环境行为的研究热点,但形成机制探讨相对匮乏,并缺少旅游地居民环境行为的预测研究;(3)旅游地居民环境行为研究方法较为单一,数据搜集方法以问卷调查为主,半结构式访谈为辅,数据分析方法以结构方程模型为主。基于此,分别从研究视角、研究内容和研究方法上剖析现有研究不足,指出旅游地居民环境行为未来研究方向,以期为旅游目的地环境管理提供有益指导。

关键词: 旅游地, 居民环境行为, 影响因素, 研究方法, 研究进展, 研究综述

Abstract:

Residents' environmental behavior in tourist destinations is an essential segment of environmental behavior research in tourism context. This paper provides a review on the literature of residents' environmental behavior in tourist destinations, including research progress, research contents and research methods. Results show that: (1) Research on the residents' environmental behavior in tourist destinations started late, and experienced three stages: infancy stage(2002—2004), initial stage (2005—2013), and development stage (2014—2020). There are few research in China and abroad, but research abroad is ahead of those in China. (2) The definition of residents' environmental behavior in tourist destinations is not unified, as well as the lack of measurement scale development. The investigation of factors that influence residents' environmental behavior in tourist destinations gained much attention, but the formation mechanism and predictive research are relatively overlooked. (3) The research method used to study residents' environmental behavior in tourist destinations is unitary. Specifically, data collection is mainly questionnaire survey, supplemented by semi-structured interview. Data analysis heavily relies on structural equation model. Based on these, this paper analyzed the insufficiency of the existing research from the research angle, research content and research method, and proposed future research directions for residents' environmental behavior in tourist destinations to provide useful guidance for environmental management of tourist destinations.

Key words: destination, environmental behavior of residents, influencing factor, research mothod, research progress, literature review