中国生态旅游 ›› 2021, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (1): 95-110.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20210010

• 生态旅游研究传承与发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国生态旅游研究热点演变与趋势——基于CiteSpace知识图谱分析

钟林生1(), 李猛1,2,*()   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2021-01-13 修回日期:2021-02-13 出版日期:2021-01-10 发布日期:2021-01-10
  • 通讯作者: *李猛(1997-),博士研究生,研究方向为旅游地理与旅游管理。E-mail: limeng202@mails.ucas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:钟林生(1971-),研究员,博士生导师,研究方向为旅游地理、生态旅游与自然保护地。E-mail: zhongls@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671527)

Hotspots and trends of ecotourism research in China: A knowledge mapping analysis using citeSpace

ZHONG Linsheng1(), LI Meng1,2,*()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2021-01-13 Revised:2021-02-13 Published:2021-01-10 Online:2021-01-10

摘要:

生态旅游是旅游研究中的重要分支,在可持续发展理念和生态文明建设实践的影响和培育下,我国生态旅游理论研究和实践都取得了长足的进展。本文选取CNKI中国学术期刊网络出版总库的中文核心期刊和CSSCI来源期刊,对高关注度文献、关键词、作者、期刊特征进行了分析,基于CiteSpace知识图谱分析,结合生态旅游实践发展,将中国生态旅游研究划分为3个阶段,探索阶段的研究主要集中于内涵和理念的认知,发展阶段的研究热点主要有自然保护区域、生态旅游发展和生态建设等,深化阶段的研究主题更丰富,与乡村振兴、生态文明等战略的联系更紧密。最后,从基础理论与研究框架构建、生态旅游地健康价值与知识内涵、典型地域系统性研究、市场规律与培育、生态旅游影响及其演化规律、与地域文化互动融合、管理技术与社区参与7个方面对未来中国生态旅游研究趋势进行了预测。

关键词: 生态旅游, 热点演变, 研究趋势, 知识图谱, 中国

Abstract:

Ecotourism is an important branch of tourism research. Under the influence and cultivation of the concept of sustainable development and the practice of ecological civilization construction, China has made considerable progress in the theoretical research and practice of ecotourism in the past 30 years. Chinese Core Journals of the CNKI database and CSSCI source journals were selected in this study. The literature received high attention, keywords, authors, and journals characteristics were analyzed. Using CiteSpace knowledge mapping analysis and considering the development of ecotourism practice, ecotourism research in China was divided into three stages in this study. The exploring stage mainly focuses on the understanding of concepts and principle of ecotourism. The development stage mainly includes the nature protected area, ecotourism development, and ecological development. The deepening stage includes more topics and involves more national strategies such as rural vitalization and ecological civilization. Finally, the paper forecasts the future trend of China's ecotourism research from seven aspects: the basic theory and research framework; the health value and knowledge of ecotourism destination; systemic research for typical regions, such as Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and protected areas; ecotourist behaviour and market cultivation; environmental, social, and economic impacts by ecotourism and their evolution rules; integration between ecotourism and local culture; management technique and community participation.

Key words: ecotourism, hotspots evolution, research trends, knowledge mapping, China