中国生态旅游 ›› 2021, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (2): 203-216.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20210012

• 旅游新业态 • 上一篇    下一篇

线性文化遗产的特征及其对旅游利用模式的影响——基于《世界遗产名录》的统计分析

张书颖1,2(), 刘家明3,4,*(), 朱鹤3,4, 张香菊3,4   

  1. 1.北京联合大学应用文理学院,北京 100191
    2.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室,北京 100101
    3.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    4.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2021-01-17 修回日期:2021-03-06 出版日期:2021-04-28 发布日期:2021-04-28
  • 通讯作者: * 刘家明(1966- ),男,研究员,博士生导师,研究方向为旅游地理和旅游规划。E-mail: liujm@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:张书颖(1991- ),女,博士研究生,研究方向为遗产旅游和旅游地理。E-mail: zhangshuying231@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(21ZDA073);国家自然科学基金项目(41801139)

Characteristics and tourism utilization of linear cultural heritage: A statistical analysis on the World Heritage List

ZHANG Shuying1,2(), LIU Jiaming3,4,*(), ZHU He3,4, ZHANG Xiangju3,4   

  1. 1. College of Applied Arts and Science of Beijing Union University, Beijng 100191, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    4. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2021-01-17 Revised:2021-03-06 Published:2021-04-28 Online:2021-04-28

摘要:

线性文化遗产是一种特殊的遗产类型,随着人们对遗产完整性不断深入的理解以及遗产活化利用理念的发展,线性文化遗产旅游的重要性日益显现。因此,树立线性文化遗产意识,把握线性文化遗产特征,是推进线性文化遗产旅游利用和可持续发展的重要问题。本文以《世界遗产名录》中收录的线性文化遗产为基础数据,对线性文化遗产的类别与列入标准、资源组合模式和核心区与缓冲区等典型特征进行深入分析,并从旅游空间演化和旅游活化路径两方面总结其对旅游利用模式的影响,以期为线性文化遗产旅游的可持续发展提供科学参考。研究结果表明,线性文化遗产旅游空间结构发展过程遵循“增长极”演化规律,并在遗产文化分层上表现出不同的利用方式和活化路径。

关键词: 线性文化遗产, 世界遗产, 资源特征, 旅游利用, 空间形态演化, 遗产活化路径

Abstract:

Linear cultural heritage is a special type of heritage. Along with the improved understanding of heritage integrity and growing awareness of heritage reuse and utilization, linear cultural heritage tourism is becoming increasingly important. Therefore, promoting the awareness of linear cultural heritage and grasping the characteristics of linear cultural heritage become key issues in encouraging linear cultural heritage utilization and sustainable linear cultural heritage tourism development. World heritage sites are unique tourism resources that can meet multiple tourism demands. Using the linear cultural heritage data from the World Heritage List, this study analyzed the linear cultural heritage characteristics including category and inclusion criteria, resource combination patterns, and core zones and buffer zones. This study also analyzed the influences of linear cultural heritage characteristics on tourism utilization from the aspects of spatial evolution and tourism reuse. The results show that the development of tourism spatial structure followed the rule of “growth pole.” Moreover, there were different paths for reutilization and activation in terms of cultural stratification of heritage.

Key words: linear cultural heritage, world heritage, resource characteristics, tourism utilization, spatial form evolution, heritage retivilization path