中国生态旅游 ›› 2021, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (2): 176-189.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20210039

• 旅游新业态 • 上一篇    下一篇

体育旅游境外研究进展与展望

王者(), 蒋依依*(), 洪鹏飞, 王宁, 张月, 何道刚   

  1. 北京体育大学体育休闲与旅游学院,北京 100084
  • 收稿日期:2021-03-03 修回日期:2021-03-21 出版日期:2021-04-28 发布日期:2021-04-28
  • 通讯作者: * 蒋依依(1978- ),女,博士,教授,研究方向为体育旅游与奥运遗产。E-mail: yiyijiangpku@126.com
    * 蒋依依(1978- ),女,博士,教授,研究方向为体育旅游与奥运遗产。E-mail: yiyijiangpku@126.com
    * 蒋依依(1978- ),女,博士,教授,研究方向为体育旅游与奥运遗产。E-mail: yiyijiangpku@126.com
  • 作者简介:王者(1995- ),男,博士研究生,从事体育旅游、体育产业研究。E-mail: zhewangbsu@foxmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年项目(42001255);北京体育大学高层次人才科研启动项目“中国冰雪运动与文化旅游产业协同路径研究”

Literature review of sport tourism based on research abroad

WANG Zhe(), JIANG Yiyi*(), HONG Pengfei, WANG Ning, ZHANG Yue, HE Daogang   

  1. School of Sports, Leisure and Tourism, Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100084
  • Received:2021-03-03 Revised:2021-03-21 Published:2021-04-28 Online:2021-04-28

摘要:

研究运用逻辑分析法、文献综述法,对境外体育旅游研究进行整理,围绕体育旅游的定义、分类、研究领域、研究方法、研究理论展开梳理与分析,并提出对未来体育旅游研究的展望。研究表明:(1)在体育旅游定义相关研究中,境外学者对体育旅游的定义并未统一。体育旅游的“属概念”和“种差概念”存在分歧,是造成其定义差异的主要原因;(2)在体育旅游分类相关研究中,境外学者根据不同分类标准得出不同结果,目前学者主要以活动类型、消费者需求、消费者目的和意愿为分类标准,仍存在较大局限性;(3)在体育旅游研究热门领域可以分为体育、赛事、发展进程、空间、影响、利益相关者六大维度,新兴领域主要为“中国”和“可持续发展”。在未来体育旅游研究中,学者们需要进一步开展问题导向下的跨学科交叉研究,进一步拓展和深化体育旅游的研究领域,学习和借鉴境外体育旅游发展研究的成功经验。

关键词: 体育旅游, 定义, 分类, 方法, 理论, 展望

Abstract:

This study uses logical analysis and literature review methods to sort out overseas sport tourism research, focusing on the definition, classification, research fields, research methods, and research theories of sport tourism, and proposes a prospect for future sport tourism research. Findings show that: (1) In terms of sport tourism definition, foreign scholars have not reached an agreement on the definition of sport tourism. The divergence between "genus concept" and "species concept" of sport tourism contributes to the differences in definitions. (2)In the research on the classification of sport tourism, foreign scholars have obtained different results based on different classification standards. At present, scholars mainly use activity types, consumer needs, consumer intention, and willingness as classification standards, which has great limitations. (3) In the field of sport tourism research, popular fields can be categorized into six dimensions: sports, events, development process, space, influence, and stakeholders; emerging fields attracted attention on China and sustainable development. In terms of the future of sport tourism research, scholars need to conduct more problem-oriented interdisciplinary research, expand sport tourism research fields, and further apply the overseas sport tourism experience to the development of sport tourism in China.

Key words: sport tourism, definition, categories, method, theory, future