中国生态旅游 ›› 2021, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (1): 27-41.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20210045

• 旅游地理研究回顾与展望 • 上一篇    下一篇

国家战略需求与中国旅游地理研究实践

张捷1(), 董雪旺2,3, 汪侠1, 张宏磊1,*(), 崔凤军2, 徐一帆1   

  1. 1.南京大学海洋与地理科学学院,南京 210023
    2.台州学院台州市文化和旅游研究院,台州 318000
    3.浙江工商大学旅游与城乡规划学院,杭州 310018
  • 收稿日期:2021-01-25 修回日期:2021-02-10 出版日期:2021-01-10 发布日期:2021-01-10
  • 通讯作者: *张宏磊(1985-),男,博士,副教授,研究方向为旅游地理。E-mail: zhanghonglei@nju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张捷(1960-),男,博士,教授,研究方向为旅游地理。E-mail: jiezhang@nju.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771153);国家自然科学基金项目(41871134)

National strategy demand and tourism geography research practice in China

ZHANG Jie1(), DONG Xuewang2,3, WANG Xia1, ZHANG Honglei1,*(), CUI Fengjun2, XU Yifan1   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Ocean Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. Taizhou Academy of Culture and Tourism, Taizhou University, Taizhou 318000, China
    3. School of Tourism & Urban-rural Planning, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou 310018, China
  • Received:2021-01-25 Revised:2021-02-10 Published:2021-01-10 Online:2021-01-10

摘要:

在中国旅游业快速发展的背景下,旅游地理学研究成果始终结合国家战略需求,为中国旅游实践提供重要的理论支撑。中国旅游地理学者在此进程中形成了突出影响,在“绿水青山就是金山银山”这一重要理念的支撑下,旅游业是将资源环境优势转化为生态经济优势的重要途径,通过建立生态产品价值实现机制,构建“绿水青山”转化为“金山银山”的政策制度体系;凭借资源优势,发展旅游业成为落后地区摆脱贫困的重要手段,通过对旅游多维减贫效应的测度和分析,有助于更加精准地识别贫困,进而研究旅游发展对于贫困地区经济、社会、文化和环境的多维减贫效应。交通运输系统作为我国国民经济中基础性、先导性、战略性产业和重要的服务性行业,其要素的变动对旅游发展及多尺度旅游空间结构带来了巨大的影响,通过对新时期交通影响下旅游空间格局的演化、旅游影响区域的差异、旅游交通空间行为等的研究,可以为旅游交通的可持续和高质量发展提供一定的理论支撑。面对国家战略需求和工作重点,旅游地理研究实践须与国家需求有效结合,来拓展广阔的学术天地。

关键词: 旅游地理学, 研究范式, 生态文明, 旅游减贫, 旅游交通地理, 十四五规划

Abstract:

In the context of the rapid development of China's tourism industry, tourism geography research has always been integrated with national strategic needs, providing crucial theoretical support for China's tourism industry practice. Chinese tourism geographers have made a noticeable impact in this process, with tourism being a meaningful way to transform the advantages of resources and environment into ecological and economic benefits under the support of the critical concept of "Lucid Waters and Lush Mountains Are Invaluable Assets" by establishing a mechanism to realize the value of ecological products and building a policy and institutional system to transform lucid waters and lush mountains into invaluable assets. By establishing a mechanism for realizing the value of ecological products, tourism development has become an essential means for backward regions to get rid of poverty. The measurement and analysis of the multidimensional poverty reduction effect of tourism can help identify poverty more accurately, and then study the multidimensional poverty reduction effect of tourism development on the economy, society, culture, and environment of impoverished regions. Through the research on the evolution of tourism spatial patterns under the influence of transportation in the new era, the differences in tourism influence regions, and the spatial behavior of tourism transportation, we can provide some theoretical support for sustainable and high-quality development tourism transportation. Facing the national strategic needs and work priorities, tourism geography research practice is both an effective combination with national conditions and a broad academic world.

Key words: tourism geographies, paradigm, ecological civilization, tourism poverty reduction, tourism transportation geography, 14th Five-Year National Plan