中国生态旅游 ›› 2021, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (5): 705-719.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20210064

• 野生动物旅游 • 上一篇    下一篇

野生动物观赏旅游者的敬畏感体验:基于斯里兰卡大象旅游的实证研究

张庆芳(), 徐红罡*()   

  1. 中山大学旅游学院,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2021-07-09 修回日期:2021-08-25 出版日期:2021-10-28 发布日期:2022-05-30
  • 通讯作者: *徐红罡(1967-)女,博士,教授,研究方向为旅游发展、系统动力学。E-mail: xuhongg@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张庆芳(1992-)女,博士研究生,研究方向为可持续旅游。E-mail: zhangqf7@mail2.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    UNWTO长隆奖学金资助项目(40000-74010001)

Awe experiences of wildlife viewing tourists: An empirical study based on elephant tourism in Sri Lanka

ZHANG Qingfang(), XU Honggang*()   

  1. School of Tourism, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2021-07-09 Revised:2021-08-25 Published:2021-10-28 Online:2022-05-30

摘要:

野生动物观赏旅游在唤起敬畏感方面有着巨大潜力,值得研究者多加重视。本研究以斯里兰卡大象旅游为例,试图对敬畏感所包含的4个维度(时间感、联通、浩瀚和适应)进行描述性分析,并对具有不同人口统计学特征或旅游行为特征以及到访不同野生动物生境下的旅游者所获得的敬畏感差异进行检验。采用独立样本T检验和单因素方差分析等方法对回收数据进行分析。结果表明,大多数旅游者获得较强的敬畏感,但旅游者之间存在一定差异。其中,女性、中年人或受过高等教育的旅游者能够获得更强的敬畏感;与大象拥有特定文化联系的斯里兰卡和印度游客体验到的浩瀚和适应感明显高于西方游客。此外,自然情境在旅游者获得的适应感方面亦发挥重要作用。

关键词: 敬畏感, 野生动物观赏旅游, 大象旅游, 斯里兰卡

Abstract:

Sustainable wildlife tourism can be achieved by protecting endangered species while maintaining high tourist satisfaction and ensuring meaningful tourist experience. As a deep emotional experience, the sense of awe can create vivid memory for tourists and enrich their meaningful experience. It also inspires deeper concern and respect for specific and even all wildlife species encountered. Therefore, ensuring tourists’ awe experience tend to be an important part of the sustainable development of wildlife tourism, which deserves more attentions from researchers. Rather than making a ground-breaking innovation, this study attempts to give some descriptive understanding of the 4 dimensions under awe experience: sense of time, connection, vastness, and accommodation. Taking elephant tourism in Sri Lanka as an example, three cases including Udawalawe National Park, Elephant Transit Home, and Pinnewala Elephant Orphanage were chosen to conduct quantitative research. Methods such as independent sample T-test and one-way ANOVA were used to analyze the mean differences of awe experience among groups of tourists with different demographic characteristics or travel behavior characteristics. The results show that most tourists have strong awe experience, but there are certain differences among tourists. In general, women, middle-aged people, tourists with higher education or a specific cultural connection to elephants are more likely to experience higher sense of awe. The sense of vastness and accommodation experienced by Asian tourists, especially those from Sri Lanka and India, is significantly higher than that of tourists from the West. And the sense of accommodation experienced by tourists visiting Pinnewala Elephant Orphanage is significantly higher than that of tourists visiting Elephant Transit Home.

Key words: awe experience, wildlife viewing tourism, elephant tourism, Sri Lanka