中国生态旅游 ›› 2022, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (6): 938-948.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20220057

• 山地旅游 • 上一篇    下一篇

文化自觉驱动山地旅游发展的机理研究——来自民族地区山地景区的启示

明庆忠(), 凌俊杰, 史鹏飞*()   

  1. 云南财经大学旅游文化产业研究院,昆明 650221
  • 收稿日期:2022-05-09 修回日期:2022-10-09 出版日期:2022-12-28 发布日期:2023-01-16
  • 通讯作者: *史鹏飞(1996-),男,博士研究生,研究方向为区域旅游开发与管理、山地旅游。E-mail: 18035404274@163.com
  • 作者简介:明庆忠(1963-),男,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为区域旅游开发与管理。E-mail: mingqingzhong01@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41961021);云南省教育厅科学研究基金项目(2022Y485)

Research on the development mechanism of mountain tourism driven by cultural consciousness: A case study of mountain scenic spots in ethnic areas

Ming Qingzhong(), Ling Junjie, Shi Pengfei*()   

  1. Institute of Tourism and Cultural Industry, Yunnan University of Finance and Economics, Kunming 650221, China
  • Received:2022-05-09 Revised:2022-10-09 Published:2022-12-28 Online:2023-01-16

摘要:

从制度性约束和经济激励转向文化自觉视角探究山地旅游发展机理,有助于明晰山地旅游发展的原生驱动力,形成可持续的山地旅游发展模式。文章从文化自觉与旅游发展的关系切入,结合布迪厄的场域理论,通过对云南省丽江市玉龙雪山景区的政府工作者、居民、旅游从业者和游客的实地调研和相关思考,探究了文化自觉驱动山地旅游发展的内在机理。研究表明:(1)主客交往背景下的自我观照是文化自觉驱动山地旅游发展的缘起;(2)文化资本旅游化转换和惯习调适是文化自觉驱动山地旅游发展的具体表现过程;(3)旅游地资源价值的创造性转换以及被游客所感知的供给内容更新是文化自觉驱动山地旅游发展的结果;(4)“文化-人-旅游”关系链的塑造是文化自觉驱动山地旅游发展的核心;(5)从文化自觉到发展自主是文化自觉驱动山地旅游发展的本质。研究在一定程度深化了文化自觉在山地旅游研究中的应用,同时也能为民族地区山地景区旅游高质量发展提供些许参考。

关键词: 山地旅游, 旅游景区, 文化自觉, 文化资本, 驱动机理, 场域理论, 民族地区

Abstract:

To explore the development mechanism of mountain tourism from the perspective of the shift from institutional constraints and economic incentives to cultural consciousness will help clarify the original driving force of mountain tourism development and form a sustainable development model of mountain tourism. By exploring the relationship between cultural consciousness and tourism development, this paper investigates the internal mechanism of mountain tourism development driven by cultural consciousness. At the same time, the paper employs Bourdieu’s field theory for analysis, and selects the Yulong Snow Mountain Scenic Spot in Lijiang City, Yunnan Province as an example to conduct field research on the government workers, residents, tourism practitioners and tourists. The research shows that: (1) Cultural consciousness can drive the development of mountain tourism, which originates from the self-inspection in the context of subject-object interaction. (2) The transformation of cultural capital and the adjustment of habitual habits are the specific process of cultural consciousness driving the development of mountain tourism. (3) The creative transformation of the value of tourism resources and the perceived update of the supply content by tourists are the results of cultural consciousness driving the development of mountain tourism. (4) The shaping of the “culture-people-tourism” relationship chain is the core of cultural consciousness driving the development of mountain tourism. (5) The realization from cultural consciousness to development autonomy is the essence of cultural consciousness driving the development of mountain tourism. The research extends the application of cultural consciousness in mountain tourism studies, and also provides new ideas and references for the high-quality development of mountain scenic tourism in ethnic areas.

Key words: mountain tourism, scenic spots, cultural consciousness, cultural capital, driving mechanism, field theory, ethnic areas