中国生态旅游 ›› 2022, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (6): 964-976.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20220067

• 山地旅游 • 上一篇    下一篇

旅游驱动下玉龙雪山景区人地关系演化过程及其特征分析

王娟1(), 明庆忠2,*(), 覃纹3, 王世金4   

  1. 1.江苏理工学院文化与旅游学院,常州 213001
    2.云南财经大学旅游与文化产业研究院,昆明 650221
    3.广西环境保护科学研究院,南宁 530022
    4.中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室,兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2022-05-10 修回日期:2022-10-13 出版日期:2022-12-28 发布日期:2023-01-16
  • 通讯作者: *明庆忠(1963-),男,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为区域地理与旅游开发管理。E-mail: mingqingzhong01@163.com
  • 作者简介:王娟(1981-),女,博士,副教授,研究方向为区域旅游发展与管理。E-mail: wangjuan8107@foxmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41961021);广西教育厅中青年项目(2021KY1936);广西教育科学规划课题子课题(YXXH2021011);中国科学院玉龙雪山冰川与环境观测研究站项目

Analysis on the evolution stage and its characteristic of human-environment relationship driven by tourism in Yulong Snow Mountain scenic spot

Wang Juan1(), Ming Qingzhong2,*(), Qin Wen3, Wang Shijin4   

  1. 1. College of Culture and Tourism, Jiangsu University of Technology, Changzhou 213001, China
    2. Institute of Tourism and Cultural Industry, Yunnan University of Finance and Economics, Kunming 650221, China
    3. Guangxi Research Institute of Environmental Protection, Nanning 530022, China
    4. State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2022-05-10 Revised:2022-10-13 Published:2022-12-28 Online:2023-01-16

摘要:

旅游驱动山地景区社会、经济、环境等人地关系要素不断变化,影响景区地域系统的可持续发展。本研究构建以土地利用、社会经济和旅游驱动力为主要指标的山地景区人地关系演化评价体系,探讨玉龙雪山景区人地关系演化过程及其特征。研究表明,旅游驱动下的玉龙雪山景区人地关系演化可分为前旅游、旅游早期发展和旅游有序发展3个阶段。前旅游阶段旅游对社会经济和环境影响不明显,人地关系的制约因素为山地自然环境;旅游早期发展阶段旅游驱动作用逐渐明显,景区人地关系发生较大异化,经济快速发展,同时环境受到一定破坏;旅游有序发展阶段旅游成为景区发展的主导力量,不断驱使“景”“社”共同发展,人地关系走向协调。土地利用类型变化是山地景区人地关系演化的重要表征,“旅游业反哺农业”举措是景区人地关系演化趋向和谐的关键。研究丰富了山地旅游地可持续发展状态和效应评估方法,为旅游地人地关系演化研究提供了参考案例。

关键词: 山地旅游, 旅游景区, 人地关系, 演化过程, 演化特征, 玉龙雪山

Abstract:

The society, economy and environment of mountain scenic spots are constantly changing under the tourism effect, and the relationship between human and environment is changing, which affects the sustainability of the regional system of the scenic spots. This paper constructs an index model for evaluating the evaluation of human-environment relationship in mountain scenic spot and takes Yulong Snow Mountain as an example to explore its evaluation stage and its characteristic. The research shows that the evolution of human-environment relationship in Yulong Snow Mountain is divided into three stages: pre-tourism, early development and orderly development. In the pre-tourism stage, tourism first appeared in the mountain, which has little impact on the social economy and environment. The relationship between human and environment in the mountain scenic spot basically operates according to the original law. In the early development stage, tourism has an obvious driving effect, the environment of the mountain scenic spot has deteriorated and the social and economic development is unbalanced. In the orderly development stage, tourism, as the leading force in the development of Yulong Snow Mountain scenic spot, constantly tends to coordinate the relationship between human and environment. The guidance of the government is the key elements for the evolution and harmony of human-environment relations. The evolution of human-land relationship in Yulong Snow Mountain scenic spot driven by tourism reflects the changes of tourism life cycle in mountain scenic spots. This study provides an effective way to evaluate the evolution of human-environment relationship in mountain scenic spots, and provides a feasible method to evaluate the sustainable development status of mountain tourism destinations. It can enrich the empirical analysis of mountain scenic spots in the evolution of human-environment relationship and the research on the tourism driving force of the evolution of human-environment relationship, and contribute to the theoretical construction of the sustainable development of mountain tourism.

Key words: mountain tourism, scenic spot, human-environment relationship, evolution, evolu-tionary characteristics, Yulong Snow Mountain