中国生态旅游 ›› 2022, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (6): 905-922.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20220068

• 山地旅游 •    下一篇

工作旅游视角:山地旅游高质量可持续发展新思维

李立华1(), 周瑾1,2, 雷若然1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院·水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所,成都 610041
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2022-05-13 修回日期:2022-12-07 出版日期:2022-12-28 发布日期:2023-01-16
  • 作者简介:李立华(1964-),男,研究员,硕士生导师,研究方向为山地旅游与山区发展。E-mail: Lilh@imde.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41071091);九寨沟灾后重建先导项目(Y9D2130130)

Workation perspective: New thoughts on sustainable and high-quality development of mountain tourism

Li Lihua1(), Zhou Jin1,2, Lei Ruoran1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences & Ministry of Water Conservancy, Chengdu 610041, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2022-05-13 Revised:2022-12-07 Published:2022-12-28 Online:2023-01-16

摘要:

对工作旅游的忽视是山地旅游不能满足国际社会高期待的根本原因。根据纳坦·乌列利(Natan Uriely)工作旅游概念框架和希望旅游批判性转向的转化性旅游发展趋势,本研究认为,大游学(Grand Tour)既是现代工作旅游,也是现代山地旅游的起源,转化性旅游关注旅游者与目的地社区的共同学习和共同创造,凸显了山地旅游的工作旅游特征,对口援藏是一种中国山区独具特色的工作旅游类型。进而认为山地旅游具有五大工作性特征:地形条件导致的旅行艰苦性和情境压迫性、与政治结构和权力联系的文化性、与环境和文化多样性关联的创造性、基于个体动机的精神价值导向性、难于解释和理解的理论性。建议从先进文化建设的引领发展、红色旅游引领的价值化和精神化体验的创新发展、产业集群集聚高效融合的现代化发展、品牌声誉建设的开放发展4个方面,探索山地旅游高质量可持续发展的工作性战略路径,并处理好休闲与工作、休闲旅游与工作旅游的统一性和互补性的一体二元性关系,从而为山地旅游高质量可持续发展提出了超越单一产业思维的工作旅游新思维。

关键词: 山地旅游, 工作旅游, 对口援藏, 共同转化, 共同创造

Abstract:

Ignoring workation is the root reason that mountain tourism has not been developed to an internationally expected level. In terms of the conceptual framework of workation by Uriely N. (2000, 2001), this article firstly consents that both workation and mountain tourism had synchronously originated from the Grand Tour, and secondly finds the workation turn in mountain areas aiming to the transformation of tourists and host residents through co-learning and co-creating, which indicates the workation features of mountain tourism. The Tibet-pair aiding is a special workation type in China. This article summarizes the five characteristics of workation existing in mountain tourism: the hardship caused by the complicated topographical condition and oppression caused by contextual condition, the culture related to political structure and power, the creative feature induced by cultural and environmental diversity, the spiritual value orientation of tourists driven by individual motivation, and the theoretical pursuits that is difficult to be explained and understood. Accordingly, this article suggests to explore the sustainable high-quality mountain tourism development in the following four aspects, such as the leading development through culture construction, the innovative development through value and spiritual experience led by red tourism, the modernized development through industrial cluster agglomeration and efficient integration, and the opening development through brand construction and reputation management. This article also suggests to leverage the duality of the oneness and complementarity of leisure and work, leisure tourism and workation, thus providing new thoughts of workation that surpass the singularity of the industrial thinking for the sustainable and high-quality development of mountain tourism.

Key words: mountain tourism, workation, Tibet-pair aiding, co-transformation, co-creation