中国生态旅游 ›› 2023, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (2): 293-304.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20220086

• 工业遗产旅游 • 上一篇    下一篇

工业遗产旅游价值评估指标体系构建与实证——以东北地区为例

刘艳晓1(), 宋飏1,2,*(), 马美娜1, 李瑞世1   

  1. 1.东北师范大学地理科学学院,长春 130024
    2.长白山地理过程与生态安全教育部重点实验室,长春 130024
  • 收稿日期:2022-05-30 修回日期:2022-11-02 出版日期:2023-04-28 发布日期:2023-05-25
  • 通讯作者: *宋飏(1978-),女,博士,高级工程师,硕士生导师,研究方向为城市地理与城乡规划、环境健康地理。E-mail: song0317@nenu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:刘艳晓(1998-),女,硕士研究生,研究方向为环境健康地理。E-mail: liuyx093@nenu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(42171198);国家自然科学基金面上项目(42071219);吉林省科技发展计划创新发展战略研究项目(20220601022FG)

Construction and empirical test of the index system for assessing the tourism value of industrial heritage: A case study of Northeast China

Liu Yanxiao1(), Song Yang1,2,*(), Ma Meina1, Li Ruishi1   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Geographical Processes and Ecological Security of Changbai Mountains, Ministry of Education, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2022-05-30 Revised:2022-11-02 Published:2023-04-28 Online:2023-05-25

摘要:

工业遗产以其独特的旅游价值成为吸引力日益增强的新型旅游资源,构建工业遗产旅游价值评估指标体系是科学引导工业遗产传承利用的重要基础。文章基于文献分析,探索性提出工业遗产旅游价值评估构成要素框架与指标体系,并以东北地区22个国家级工业遗产为例进行评价和验证。研究表明:(1)工业遗产旅游价值评估要素包括固有价值、市场价值和环境因素,固有价值是工业遗产的内在本底价值,市场价值是外在旅游开发价值,环境因素是旅游开发的限制条件,各构成要素之间相互影响相互作用;(2)工业遗产旅游价值评估指标体系包括固有价值、市场价值和环境因素3个准则层和游憩价值、区位度、污染程度等14个具体指标,采用专家打分法、熵权法和综合指数法计算工业遗产旅游价值;(3)东北地区22个国家级工业遗产旅游价值相对符合各工业遗产开发现状及实际情况,说明研究构建的指标体系具有较好适用性。该指标体系紧扣工业遗产作为旅游资源的概念和内涵,强化其旅游价值的地理视角和区位属性,为工业遗产旅游价值评估标准制定提供理论支撑,也为工业遗产旅游开发提供决策参考。

关键词: 工业遗产旅游, 价值评估, 指标体系, 熵权法, 东北地区

Abstract:

Industrial heritage has become an increasingly attractive new tourism resource with its unique tourism value, and it is an important basis for scientific guidance of industrial heritage inheritance and utilization to build an index system for industrial heritage tourism value assessment. Based on the literature analysis, we propose a framework of components and index system for industrial heritage tourism value assessment, and we use 22 national industrial heritages in Northeast China as an example for measurement and verification. The results show that: (1) Industrial heritage tourism value assessment components include inherent value, market value, and environmental factors; inherent value is the intrinsic value of industrial heritage, market value is the external tourism development value, environmental factors are the constraints of tourism development, and the components interact with each other. (2) Industrial heritage tourism value assessment index system includes 3 criterion layers of inherent value, market value, and environmental factors and 14 specific indicators such as recreation value, location degree, and pollution degree. The industrial heritage tourism value is obtained through the expert evaluation method, entropy method, and comprehensive index method. (3) The 22 national industrial heritage tourism values in Northeast China are relatively consistent with the current situation and actual situation of the industrial heritage development. The index system follows the concept and connotation of industrial heritage as a tourism resource, and highlights its tourism value. It is significant to provide theoretical support for the formulation of national industrial heritage tourism value assessment standards and provide decision-making reference for the timing and grade arrangement of industrial heritage tourism development and utilization.

Key words: industrial heritage tourism, value assessment, index system, entropy method, Northeast China