中国生态旅游 ›› 2023, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (2): 329-341.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20220125

• 工业遗产旅游 • 上一篇    下一篇

工业遗产展演解说中女性工人价值缺失及其影响因素——纺织博物馆的案例研究

范晓君1(), 徐红罡2,*()   

  1. 1.广东金融学院工商管理学院,广州 510275
    2.中山大学旅游学院,珠海 510521
  • 收稿日期:2022-10-09 修回日期:2023-02-18 出版日期:2023-04-28 发布日期:2023-05-25
  • 通讯作者: *徐红罡(1967-),女,博士,教授,研究方向为旅游规划、系统动力学、流动性等。E-mail: xuhongg@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:范晓君(1978-),女,博士,副教授,研究方向为工业遗产旅游。E-mail: 47-007@gduf.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41801131);教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(22YJA850008)

The absence of women workers’ value and influencing factors in the presentation and interpretation of industrial heritage museums: A case study of four textile museums

Fan Xiaojun1(), Xu Honggang2,*()   

  1. 1. School of Business Administration, Guangdong University of Finance, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai 510521, China
  • Received:2022-10-09 Revised:2023-02-18 Published:2023-04-28 Online:2023-05-25

摘要:

女性参与工业生产对社会生活产生了广泛而深远的影响,是工业遗产旅游利用过程中意义重构和价值传递的重要元素。本研究以4家纺织博物馆的媒体资讯和游客评论为数据,比较博物馆展演解说信息的输出端和接收端,尝试分析纺织工业遗产旅游活动中女性工人价值的呈现特征。研究发现:纺织博物馆展演解说中女性工人价值体现不充分,具体表现为角色缺失、内容不足、形式简单;叙事体系固化、主体意识和性别视角缺失、技术手段限制等是主要影响因素。遗产的意义在于价值传递。建议工业遗产的展演解说应强化时间维度的工业发展历程线,在内容上深入挖掘女性工人群体的特殊价值,在形式上还原女性工人群体的生产生活情境,在技术上强化新科技手段的动态性和参与性效应,以全面真实呈现工业遗产中的女性群体价值。本研究是对工业遗产展演解说领域的探索性研究,以期唤起学界和业界对工业遗产展演解说的重视与对女性群体的关切,更好地推动工业遗产的意义重构与价值传递。

关键词: 女性工人价值, 价值传递, 展演解说, 遗产旅游, 工业遗产, 纺织博物馆

Abstract:

Women workers are important participants in industrial production and have a significant impact on industrial production and society life. The value of women workers is the integral element for meaning reconstruction and value expression of industrial heritage usage in tourism development. In this research, data of media information and visitors’ comments of four representative textile museums were collected, then they were used to explore the display features of female workers’ value in the industrial heritage tourism by comparing the information presented at the input and output ends of display and interpretation system. The research found that information transmission of female workers in the textile museum is very limited, indicating the lack of female role, the shortage of content, the simplicity of display forms with the major impacting factors from the static narrative system, the lack of personal awareness and gender perspective, and the limitation of technologies. The significance of heritage lies in value expression and transmission. In this process of constructing the presentation and interpretation of industrial heritages, a tempo dimension should be considered; in respect of content, special value regarding female workers should be further minded; meanwhile, the life scenarios of female workers should be restored, and effects of interaction and participation should be strengthened, with the purpose of showing the contribution of women to the core value of industrial heritage in a general yet authentic manner. As an explorative study on the presentation and interpretation of industrial heritage, this paper advocates scholars and practitioners to value the industrial heritage’s presentation and interpretation and to concern the female group in the development of tourism products.

Key words: value of female workers, value transmission, presentation and interpretation, heritage tourism, industrial heritage, textile museum