中国生态旅游 ›› 2022, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (6): 1007-1020.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20220153

• 行政区划与旅游发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

行政区划与区域旅游协同发展的理论框架与研究展望

王开泳1,2(), 王甫园1,2,*()   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2022-10-15 修回日期:2022-12-10 出版日期:2022-12-28 发布日期:2023-01-16
  • 通讯作者: *王甫园(1988-),男,博士,副研究员,硕士生导师,研究方向为旅游地理与区域可持续发展。E-mail: wangfy@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:王开泳(1980-),男,博士,研究员,博士生导师,研究方向为行政区划与空间治理。E-mail: wangky@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(42230510);国家自然科学基金面上项目(42271252)

Theoretical framework and research prospect of the coordinated development between administrative divisions and regional tourism

Wang Kaiyong1,2(), Wang Fuyuan1,2,*()   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2022-10-15 Revised:2022-12-10 Published:2022-12-28 Online:2023-01-16

摘要:

旅游区作为区域旅游发展过程中形成的一种功能性空间,受到行政区划设置和行政边界的明显影响。随着全域旅游推进和旅游地之间联系加深,统筹推进行政区划与区域旅游的协调发展成为亟待解决的问题。本研究从跨行政区旅游合作、跨界旅游区整合两个尺度分析了行政区划与区域旅游的耦合关系,并基于行政区经济理论、政区位势理论,提出受行政区经济的刚性约束效应,兼跨不同行政区的旅游区发展不均衡、管理不统一等现象难以得到及时解决。此外,由于行政区与旅游区界线的非耦合而造成多个旅游区发展的异质性人文界面,对旅游功能区发展、管理的支撑能力具有较大差异,因而造成旅游功能区发展水平不均衡和利益冲突,导致人地关系地域系统出现不和谐状态。据此,本研究提出今后需要重点加强五个方面的研究:行政区划与区域旅游协同发展的理论与政策创新;行政区与旅游区不耦合的问题评估与成因;行政区与旅游区耦合的时空过程、效应与机理;行政区划与区域旅游协同发展的路径与模式;跨界旅游区的体制机制改革与政策保障。

关键词: 行政区划, 区域旅游, 跨界旅游区, 协同发展, 理论框架, 研究主题

Abstract:

The tourism region is a functional area that formed in the process of regional tourism development, which is affected by administrative division and the borders between those regions. The spreading of all-for-one tourism and the strengthening of the relationship between different tourism regions have made the synergetic development across the administrative region and regional tourism an impelling issue. This paper analyzes the coupling relationship between administrative division and regional tourism from the perspective of trans-administrative-region tourism collaboration and trans-administrative-region integration; proposes the rigid constraint effect informed by the administrative-region economic theory and potential theory, implying that the problem of the imbalance of tourism development between different administrative regions and the disconformity of the management are difficult to be solved in limited time. Meanwhile, the disconformity between the administrative region and the tourism regions leads to the human and cultural heterogeneity of the development of different tourism regions, which varied in supporting the development and management of tourism functional regions, thus the imbalance of the developing level and conflicts of those regions and the disharmony state of regional areas regarding the human-planet relations. Five research focuses are proposed by the research: The exploration of theoretical and policy innovation in promoting the collaboration between administrative regions and regional tourism; the assessment and reasons of the disconformity between administrative regions and tourism regions; the tempo-spatial process, effects and mechanism of the coupling between administrative regions and tourism regions; the path and mode for the collaborative development between administrative regions and regional tourism; and the reforms of administrative system and guarantee policy for trans-administrative-region tourism.

Key words: administrative divisions, regional tourism, trans-border tourism region, coordinated development, theoretical framework, research topic