中国生态旅游 ›› 2023, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (2): 252-267.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20220157

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环长株潭城市群旅游产业韧性时空演变研究

王静依1,2(), 李姣龙2, 何天祥2,*(), 邓艳2   

  1. 1.中南林业科技大学旅游学院,长沙 410004
    2.湖南工商大学公共管理与人文地理学院,长沙 410205
  • 收稿日期:2022-12-06 修回日期:2023-04-08 出版日期:2023-04-28 发布日期:2023-05-25
  • 通讯作者: *何天祥(1969-),男,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为区域经济与旅游经济。E-mail: 394022263@qq.com
  • 作者简介:王静依(1992-),女,硕士研究生,研究方向为生态旅游。E-mail: 348709185@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(22BJY121);湖南省自然科学基金项目(2021JJ30190);湖南省教育厅科学研究项目(22A0427);2022年湖南省文化和旅游厅调研项目(2022102503)

Spatial and temporal evolution of tourism industry resilience in the Chang-Zhu-Tan-Rim city clusters

Wang Jingyi1,2(), Li Jiaolong2, He Tianxiang2,*(), Deng Yan2   

  1. 1. College of Tourism, Central South University of Forestry & Technology, Changsha 410004, China
    2. School of Public Administration & Human Geography, Hunan University of Technology and Business, Changsha 410205, China
  • Received:2022-12-06 Revised:2023-04-08 Published:2023-04-28 Online:2023-05-25

摘要:

旅游产业的发展受外界环境的影响很大,其恢复力、反弹力和创新力成为了社会的关注焦点。基于韧性理论和系统论,从经济、社会、生态和旅游四大方面构建旅游产业韧性综合评价指标体系,综合运用熵值法和德尔菲法、新木桶模型、核密度估计、空间自相关指数等方法,评价环长株潭城市群2011—2020年旅游产业韧性的时空演变特征。结果表明:(1)研究期内环长株潭城市群旅游产业韧性水平呈波动上升态势,但整体水平偏低,各子系统之间韧性差异较大,其中,旅游子系统和经济子系统韧性较高,生态子系统韧性最低;(2)城市群旅游产业韧性整体呈“东高西低”逐级递减的空间格局,存在俱乐部收敛态势;(3)城市群内部的8个城市旅游产业韧性差异显著,空间负相关性较为明显,长沙对城市群旅游产业发展的虹吸效应减弱,对邻近城市的辐射效应增强。建议提升环长株潭城市群旅游资源多样性、丰富性和旅游要素质量,发展旅游新业态,构建区域协调发展合作机制,以促进区域旅游业高质量发展。

关键词: 韧性, 旅游产业, 时空特征, 空间自相关, 新冠肺炎疫情, 环长株潭城市群

Abstract:

The tourism industry has been greatly impacted by the epidemic, and the resilience, rebound and innovation of the tourism industry have received wide attention from the public. Based on the resilience theory and system theory, a comprehensive evaluation index system of tourism industry resilience was constructed from four aspects: economy, society, ecology and tourism. Entropy method, Delphi method, new barrel model, kernel density estimation, spatial autocorrelation index and other methods were used in this research to evaluate the spatio-temporal evolution characteristics of tourism industry resilience in the Chang-Zhu-Tan-Rim city clusters from 2011 to 2020. The results show that: (1) In the period of the research, the resilience level of the tourism industry in the study area is generally low and shows a trend of fluctuating upward. Resilience differs greatly between the subsystems, among which the tourism and economic subsystems have higher resilience and the ecological subsystem has the lowest resilience. (2) In terms of spatial pattern, the toughness of the tourism industry in the city clusters shows a steady pattern of "high in the east and low in the west", with a trend of club convergence. (3) Within the city clusters, there is a significant difference in the resilience of the tourism industry in the eight cities, and the spatial negative correlation is significant. The siphon effect of Changsha on the development of the tourism industry in the city clusters is weakened, while the radiation effect on the neighboring cities is enhanced. It is suggested to enhance the diversity and richness of tourism resources and the quality of tourism elements, develop new forms of tourism business and strengthen regional coordination and development cooperation mechanism, so as to promote the high-quality development of regional tourism.

Key words: resilience, tourism industry, spatio-temporal characteristics, spatial autocorrelation, COVID-19, Chang-Zhu-Tan-Rim city clusters