中国生态旅游 ›› 2023, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (4): 621-634.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20220159

• 专栏:河湖旅游 • 上一篇    下一篇

关系视角的青藏高原湖泊型旅游地可持续性评估方法研究

张香菊1(), 钟林生1,2, (), 虞虎1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 101408
  • 收稿日期:2022-12-08 修回日期:2023-04-11 出版日期:2023-08-28 发布日期:2023-11-15
  • 通讯作者: *钟林生(1971-),男,博士,研究员,研究方向为旅游地理与生态旅游。E-mail: zhongls@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:张香菊(1987-),女,博士,研究方向为旅游地理与生态旅游。E-mail: 18288618224@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院与青海省三江源国家公园联合研究专项(LHZX-2020-05);科技部第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究项目(2019QZKK0401)

Study on the assessment method for the sustainability of lake tourism destinations on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau: A relational perspective

Zhang Xiangju1(), Zhong Linsheng1,2, (), Yu Hu1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 101408, China
  • Received:2022-12-08 Revised:2023-04-11 Published:2023-08-28 Online:2023-11-15
  • Contact: *Zhong Linsheng. E-mail: zhongls@igsnrr.ac.cn

摘要:

湖泊型旅游地是青藏高原生态旅游的重要组成,对生态环境变化和人类活动干扰十分敏感。为协调湖泊生态保护、社区发展与旅游利用之间的关系,本研究应用生态旅游利益相关者评估框架,结合模糊德尔斐法和层次分析法,构建可持续性评估指标体系,并在青海湖进行应用,由资源管理者、社区居民和旅游者共同评估案例地“资源-社区-旅游”之间的关系。研究共得到6个维度的31个指标,“资源-社区”在3组关系中获得最高权重,体现了中国青藏高原湖泊周边社区的资源依赖特点和绿色发展需求;指标筛选专家组认为,高原湖泊型旅游地生态指标的选取应从区域生态系统角度重视生物多样性和生态环境保护;在青海湖的应用评估表明该方法的适用性和有效性。论文增强了关系评估法中指标体系构建的利益相关者参与性,为监测数据不足的青藏高原湖泊型旅游地可持续性评估提供了一种替代性方法,可为优化管理提供决策支持,助力青藏高原绿色协调发展。

关键词: 生态旅游, 管理者, 当地社区, 旅游者, 可持续性指标

Abstract:

Lakes are important tourist attractions on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, which are very sensitive to environmental changes and human activities. In order to leverage the relationship of ecological protection, community development and tourism development, we established a tourism destination sustainability index system with the fuzzy Delphi method and analytic hierarchy process based on the stakeholder evaluation framework for sustainable ecotourism. Then, the index system was applied to Qinghai Lake and the relationship of “resource-community-tourism” was jointly evaluated by resource managers, community residents and tourists. Finally, a total of 31 indicators of 6 dimensions were obtained. The relationship between resource and communities obtained the highest weight among the three groups, which reflected the resource-dependent characteristics and green development needs of the lake tourism communities on the plateau. The expert group believed that the ecological index selection for plateau lake destinations should attach importance to biodiversity and environmental conservation from the regional ecosystem perspective. The application of the evaluation method in Qinghai Lake shows its applicability and effectiveness. This paper enhances the participation of stakeholders in the index system establishment for relationship evaluation and provides an alternative method for assessing the sustainability of lake destinations on the plateau with insufficient monitoring data. It can provide decision-making support for a coordinated green development of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.

Key words: ecotourism, manager, local community, tourist, sustainability indicators