中国生态旅游 ›› 2023, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (2): 206-221.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20230002

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新时期乡村旅游推动城乡共同富裕的理论逻辑、现实挑战与研究框架

孙九霞1,2,3(), 王淑佳4,*()   

  1. 1.中山大学旅游休闲与社会发展研究中心,广州 510275
    2.中山大学大湾区人文共同体重点实验室,广州 510275
    3.南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(珠海),珠海 519080
    4.宁波大学宁波大学昂热大学联合学院,宁波 315211
  • 收稿日期:2023-01-11 修回日期:2023-04-01 出版日期:2023-04-28 发布日期:2023-05-25
  • 通讯作者: *王淑佳(1986-),女,副教授,研究方向为旅游地理与乡村可持续发展。E-mail: wangsjtr@163.com
  • 作者简介:孙九霞(1969-),女,教授,研究方向为旅游与地方发展、旅游人类学。E-mail: sunjx@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重点项目(21AH016)

The theoretical logic, practical challenges and research framework of promoting common prosperity by rural tourism in the new era

Sun Jiuxia1,2,3(), Wang Shujia4,*()   

  1. 1. Center for Tourism, Leisure and Social Development, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Greater Bay Area Humanities Community, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    3. Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Zhuhai), Zhuhai 519080, China
    4. Joint Institute of Ningbo University and University of Angers, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
  • Received:2023-01-11 Revised:2023-04-01 Published:2023-04-28 Online:2023-05-25

摘要:

乡村振兴是实现共同富裕的必然要求与路径,乡村旅游已成为推动乡村振兴和城乡共同富裕最闪耀的路径之一。在理论逻辑上,中国社会的制度理想和民众对美好生活的向往成为当代中国以乡村旅游推动城乡共同富裕的动因,由城到乡的规模化持续旅游流动成为推动介质,而乡村旅游互动促成城乡居民物质与精神的转化循环是推动路径的核心反应。然而在乡村旅游推动共同富裕的实践中,仍面临乡村景观异化、经济效益低下、精神发展滞后、贫富差距加剧和持续动力不足等五方面的现实挑战。因此,乡村旅游研究需要转向涵盖城乡更大地理尺度、包容物质和精神富裕双重科学内涵、研究框架更为明晰的系统视角。本研究试图在乡村旅游流动联结的城乡地理空间和以乡村旅游互动划分的前台、后台基础上,以多元反应循环为主轴、以“投入-转化-产出-反馈”循环反应为工具,创新构建乡村旅游推动共同富裕研究的理论体系框架,包括核心研究问题域、扩展研究问题域和研究手段3个模块,以期促进未来乡村旅游与城乡共同富裕的理论研究与实践发展。

关键词: 乡村旅游, 共同富裕, 理论逻辑, 现实挑战, 研究框架

Abstract:

Rural revitalization is the inevitable requirement and path to achieving common prosperity. Rural tourism has become one of the most shining paths to promote the realization of common prosperity in rural areas. Theoretically, the institutional mission of Chinese society and people’s yearning for a better life have become the motivation for contemporary China to explore the path of promoting the common prosperity by rural tourism. The large-scale continuous tourism flow from the city to the countryside has become the driving medium, and the interaction of rural tourism has contributed to the common prosperity of urban and rural residents’ material and spirit, which is the core reaction of the promoting path. However, rural tourism is still faced with five practical challenges in promoting common prosperity: the alienation of rural landscape, the low economic benefits, the lag of spiritual development, the enlargement of the gap between the rich and the poor, and the lack of sustainability. Therefore, rural tourism research needs to switch to a systematic perspective that covers a larger geographical scale of city and township, encompasses the dual connotation of common affluence. Based on the urban-rural geographic space connected by rural tourism flow and the front stage and back stage divided by rural tourism interaction, this study tries to take circular reaction as the main axis and “input-transformation-output-feedback” as the tool to explore the research framework of rural tourism promoting common prosperity. The framework includes three modules: core research question domain, extended research question domain, and research means, to promote the theoretical and practical development of rural tourism promoting common prosperity in the future.

Key words: rural tourism, common prosperity, theoretical logic, realistic challenges, research framework