中国生态旅游 ›› 2023, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (4): 635-648.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20230019

• 专栏:河湖旅游 • 上一篇    下一篇

河湖情景下旅游者幸福感的具身生成机制

邵佳瑞1(), 张蕾2, 许雪1, (), 赵敏1   

  1. 1.河海大学商学院,南京 211100
    2.新华水利控股集团有限公司,北京 100053
  • 收稿日期:2023-02-28 修回日期:2023-08-04 出版日期:2023-08-28 发布日期:2023-11-15
  • 通讯作者: *许雪(1993-),女,博士研究生,研究方向为资源技术经济及管理。E-mail: xuxue@hhu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:邵佳瑞(1995-),女,博士研究生,研究方向为旅游者幸福感。E-mail: sjr0929@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    江苏省社会科学基金项目(22GLB018)

Embodied generating mechanisms of tourist well-being in river and lake scenarios

Shao Jiarui1(), Zhang Lei2, Xu Xue1, (), Zhao Min1   

  1. 1. Business School, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China
    2. Xinhua Water Resources Holding Group Corporation LTD., Beijing 100053, China
  • Received:2023-02-28 Revised:2023-08-04 Published:2023-08-28 Online:2023-11-15
  • Contact: *Xu Xue. E-mail: xuxue@hhu.edu.cn

摘要:

让游客获得幸福感有助于增强河湖旅游地的社会福祉。本研究采用建构扎根理论的方法,探索河湖旅游情景下旅游者幸福感的构成要素及其具身生成机制。研究发现:(1)河湖旅游者幸福感包含积极情感、沉浸感、社会联结、成就感和自我发现等5个构成要素,其中,积极情感、沉浸感、社会联结偏享乐幸福感,成就感和自我发现偏实现幸福感。(2)河湖旅游者幸福感的生成是游客在场身体和离场身体与情景动态交互的结果。旅游者在场身体通过河湖旅游情景的具身体验(多感官感知、身体动作或行为、情景互动及回忆与联想)生成幸福感。旅游者离场身体通过与日常和旅游情景的互动生成幸福感期待和幸福感沉淀。(3)河湖旅游者具身体验与幸福感之间存在双向建构关系。旅游者生成的幸福感会促使身体与情景再次互动获得具身体验,进而再次生成幸福感。研究结论对提升河湖旅游情景下的游客幸福感具有理论与实践价值。

关键词: 河湖旅游, 旅游者幸福感, 具身体验

Abstract:

Achieving a sense of well-being for tourists contributes to the social well-being of river and lake tourism destinations. Adopting the constructive grounded theory, this paper explores the elements of tourist well-being in river and lake scenarios and its embodied generating mechanisms. The study finds that: (1) Tourist well-being in the river and lake scenarios consists of positive emotion, immersion, social connection, accomplishment, and self-discovery, of which positive emotion, immersion, and social connection are mainly hedonic well-being. In contrast, accomplishment and self-discovery are mainly eudaimonic well-being. (2) The generation of tourists well-being in river and lake scenarios is the result of the dynamic interaction ofthe presence and absence of tourist’s body with the scenarios. The tourists’ present body generates well-being through embodied experiences (multisensory perceptions, body movements or behaviors, situational interactions, memories and associations) in river and lake tourism scenarios. The tourists’ absent body generates well-being expecta-tions and well-being precipitations through interaction with daily and tourist scenarios. (3) There is a bidirectional constructive relationship between the river and lake tourists’ embodied experience and the sense of well-being. The well-being generated by the tourists will prompt the body to interact with the scenarios again to gain embodied experience, which in turn generates a sense of well-being again. The findings of the study have theoretical and practical value for enhancing tourist well-being in the river and lake tourism scenarios.

Key words: river and lake tourism, tourist well-being, embodied experience