中国生态旅游 ›› 2023, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (4): 603-620.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20230038

• 专栏:河湖旅游 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国大中型水库游憩利用格局及其影响因素

李鹏1(), 何钰雯1, 高亚婷1, 王涛丽2, 王仕超2, 朱俊2, 赵敏2, ()   

  1. 1.云南大学工商管理与旅游管理学院,昆明 650500
    2.云南大学建筑与规划学院,昆明 650500
  • 收稿日期:2023-03-30 修回日期:2023-08-16 出版日期:2023-08-28 发布日期:2023-11-15
  • 通讯作者: *赵敏(1973-),女,博士,副教授,研究方向为文化遗产、保护地与空间规划。E-mail: zhaomin@ynu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:李鹏(1969-),男,博士,教授,研究方向为保护地与游憩、生态旅游等。E-mail: leap@ynu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42261057);国家自然科学基金项目(52268016);云南省教育厅科学研究基金项目(2023Y0259)

Recreational utilization pattern and influencing factors of large and medium-sized reservoirs in China

Li Peng1(), He Yuwen1, Gao Yating1, Wang Taoli2, Wang Shichao2, Zhu Jun2, Zhao Min2, ()   

  1. 1. School of Business and Tourism Management, Yunnan University, Kunming 650500, China
    2. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Yunnan University, Kunming 650500, China
  • Received:2023-03-30 Revised:2023-08-16 Published:2023-08-28 Online:2023-11-15
  • Contact: *Zhao Min. E-mail: zhaomin@ynu.edu.cn

摘要:

游憩利用是各国水库发展的共同趋势。以2022年中国4 748座大中型水库为研究对象,多尺度分析水库游憩利用格局及其影响因素。主要结果如下:(1)中国共有游憩型水库636座,占大中型水库总数的13.40%,游憩利用率总体偏低;东中西部地区利用率分别为11.14%、15.60%、13.05%,不同区域的游憩利用率差异明显;利用类型以涉水游憩区体系为主。(2)东中西部地区游憩型水库数量占比分别为24.21%、41.04%、34.75%,除上海、西藏外的29个省域均有分布,较集中分布在长江中游浙江、湖北和江西3省;333个市域中有262个市域有分布;92%的游憩型水库分布在降水量400 mm以上区域,长江流域数量最多,西南诸河流域数量最少,淮河流域分布最密集。(3)游憩型水库分布呈“一核一带”空间结构,即山东集聚核与长江流域的成都、重庆、贵阳、长沙、南昌等城市连成的带状区。(4)经济社会因素是游憩型水库空间分布差异的主要原因,城乡居民人均可支配收入、固定投资等6个指标影响非常显著,自然因素直接影响资源条件形成,间接影响游憩型水库转变。研究可为中国大中型水库游憩利用水平提升和推动重要江河湖库生态保护治理提供科学依据。

关键词: 游憩型水库, 空间格局, 中国大中型水库, 蓝色空间, 河湖旅游

Abstract:

Recreation is a common trend in the utilization of reservoirs in various countries. Taking 4748 large and medium-sized reservoirs in China in 2022 as the research object, the study analyses the pattern of recreational utilization of reservoirs and its influencing factors at multiple scales. The results show that: (1) There are 636 recreational reservoirs in China, accounting for 13.40% of the total number of large and medium-sized reservoirs; the overall recreation utilization rate is low, and varies significantly among eastern, central and western regions of China, with the utilization rate of 11.14%, 15.60% and 13.05%, respectively; water-related recreation area systems are the dominant type of recreation reservoirs. (2) The number of recreational reservoirs in eastern, central and western regions of China accounts for 24.21%, 41.04% and 34.75%, respectively; except for Shanghai and Tibet, recreational reservoirs are distributed in 29 provincail-level regions, more concentrated in the Hunan, Hubei and Jiangxi provinces of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, and they are distributed in 262 cities out of the 333 prefecture-level cities; 92% of recreational reservoirs are located in areas with precipitation above 400 mm, the Yangtze River basin has the largest number, the river basins in southwest China have the lowest number, and the Huaihe River basin has the densest distribution. (3) The spatial structure is characterized by “one core and one belt”, the one core is Shandong province and the one belt is the band area connected by cities in the Yangtze River basin including Chengdu, Chongqing, Guiyang, Changsha and Nanchang. (4) Economic and social factors are main reasons for the spatial distribution differences in recreational reservoirs, 6 indicators such as the per capita disposable income in urban and rural areas, and fixed-asset investment are significant indicators; natural factors directly affect the formation of resource conditions and indirectly affect the transformation of recreational reservoirs. The study can provide a scientific foundation for improving the level of recreational use of large and medium-sized reservoirs and promoting the ecological protection and governance of important rivers, lakes and reservoirs in China.

Key words: recreational reservoirs, spatial pattern, large and medium-sized reservoirs in China, blue space, river and lake tourism