中国生态旅游 ›› 2023, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (4): 706-720.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20230060

• 专栏:乡村旅游 • 上一篇    下一篇

生计资本视角下旅游地居民主观福祉影响因素的组态路径分析

邓萌(), 尚前浪(), 史鹏飞, 范云舒, 李梦雪   

  1. 云南财经大学旅游文化产业研究院,昆明 650221
  • 收稿日期:2023-05-17 修回日期:2023-08-17 出版日期:2023-08-28 发布日期:2023-11-15
  • 通讯作者: *尚前浪(1986-),男,博士,副教授,研究方向为民族旅游和旅游可持续生计。E-mail: shangqianlang@ynufe.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:邓萌(1999-),女,硕士研究生,研究方向为旅游可持续发展研究。E-mail: 1359860801@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(72064039);教育部人文社科项目(20YJC630118)

Configuration path analysis of factors influencing subjective well-being of residents in tourist destinations from a livelihood capital perspective

Deng Meng(), Shang Qianlang(), Shi Pengfei, Fan Yunshu, Li Mengxue   

  1. Institute of Tourism and Cultural Industries, Yunnan University of Finance and Economics, Kunming 650221, China
  • Received:2023-05-17 Revised:2023-08-17 Published:2023-08-28 Online:2023-11-15
  • Contact: *Shang Qianlang. E-mail: shangqianlang@ynufe.edu.cn

摘要:

主观福祉体现了旅游发展推动居民可持续生计的价值内核。本研究从生计资本视角构建分析框架和指标体系,运用模糊集定性比较分析法(fsQCA),以云南腾冲司莫拉佤族村寨为案例,探索生计资本对居民主观福祉的复杂影响,以揭示影响旅游地居民主观福祉的组态路径。研究表明,司莫拉佤族村寨的居民主观福祉水平普遍较高,其中,环境方面满意度较高,而经济满意度相对较低;单一维度的生计资本不能成为提升旅游地居民主观福祉的必要条件,但对主观福祉产生了重要影响,尤以文化、心理、社会和金融资本最为关键;文化+心理+金融资本、文化+心理+金融+物质资本、社会+文化+金融资本3种条件组合构成了旅游地居民主观福祉影响因素的主要组态路径。研究有助于深化对旅游如何增进民生福祉、彰显幸福产业属性问题的理论认知,为提升旅游地居民主观福祉提供决策依据。

关键词: 旅游地居民, 主观福祉, 生计资本, 可持续生计, 组态路径

Abstract:

Subjective well-being embodies the value kernel of tourism development to promote sustainable livelihoods of residents. This paper constructs an analytical framework and indicator system from the perspective of livelihood capital, and applies fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) to explore the complex impact of livelihood capital on residents’ subjective well-being by taking Simolawa Village in Tengchong, Yunnan Province, as a case study, in order to reveal the configuration paths affecting the subjective well-being of residents in tourism sites. The study shows that residents of Simolawa Village generally have higher levels of subjective well-being, with higher satisfaction in environmental aspects and relatively low economic satisfaction; a single dimension of livelihood capital cannot be a necessary condition for enhancing the subjective well-being of residents in tourist destinations, but it has an important impact on subjective well-being, with cultural, psychological, social, and financial capitals, in particular, being the most critical; cultural + psychological + financial capital, cultural + psychological + financial + physical capital, social + cultural + financial capital, the three combinations constitute the main configuration path of factors influencing the subjective well-being of residents in tourist destinations. The study helps to deepen the theoretical knowledge of how tourism can enhance people's well-being and show the attributes of the happiness industry, and provides a basis for decision-making to improve the subjective well-being of residents in tourist destinations.

Key words: residents of tourism sites, subjective well-being, livelihood capital, sustainable livelihood, configuration path