中国生态旅游 ›› 2023, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (4): 679-693.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20230122

• 专栏:乡村旅游 • 上一篇    下一篇

行动者网络视角下旅游驱动乡村转型的过程与机制——以沂南县竹泉村为例

于伟1(), 刘淑敏1, 王敏2, 张学波1, 宋金平3, ()   

  1. 1.曲阜师范大学地理与旅游学院,日照 276800
    2.齐鲁师范学院地理与旅游学院,济南 250200
    3.北京师范大学地理科学学部,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2023-07-10 修回日期:2023-08-18 出版日期:2023-08-28 发布日期:2023-11-15
  • 通讯作者: *宋金平(1968-),男,博士,教授,研究方向为经济地理学。E-mail: jinpingsong@163.com
  • 作者简介:于伟(1980-),男,博士,教授,研究方向为城市与区域发展。E-mail: yuwei2005@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学研究一般项目(19YJCZH231);山东省泰山学者青年专家计划(tsqn202306183)

The process and mechanism of tourism-driven rural transformation from the perspective of actor network:A case study of Zhuquan Village, Shandong Province

Yu Wei1(), Liu Shumin1, Wang Min2, Zhang Xuebo1, Song Jinping3, ()   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Tourism, Qufu Normal University, Rizhao 276800, Shandong China
    2. College of Geography and Tourism, Qilu Normal University, Jinan 250200, China
    3. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2023-07-10 Revised:2023-08-18 Published:2023-08-28 Online:2023-11-15
  • Contact: *Song Jinping. E-mail: jinpingsong@163.com

摘要:

旅游驱动乡村转型是乡村振兴的重要途径。本研究基于行动者网络视角,以沂南县竹泉村为案例地,分析乡村转型的行动者组成与转译路径,探究多元行动者驱动竹泉村从贫困村向中国最美乡村转型的过程与机制。结果表明:(1)竹泉村转型过程中形成的沂南县政府、规划团队和投资开发商等多元关键行动者以及村委会、村民、竹林、泉水等人类或非人类行动者是异质行动者网络构建的主体。(2)竹泉村转型具有阶段性特征,初期以县政府通过行政征召建构行动者网络,做出发展乡村旅游的决策;中期规划团队协调解决了转型过程中不同利益相关者的关键分歧,明确了竹泉村转型的方向;后期投资公司通过资金、土地等多种征召方式开发运营景区,实现了景区和新村建设的协调发展,推动了乡村转型。(3)竹泉村转型过程离不开关键行动者的联合接力驱动,多元行动者共享利益是促进乡村可持续转型的保障。论文剖析了行动者网络不断重构持续推动乡村转型的过程,可为不同发展阶段乡村的转型优化决策提供有益借鉴。

关键词: 乡村转型, 行动者网络理论, 乡村旅游

Abstract:

Tourism-driven rural transformation is a key solution to revitalize the rural areas. Based on the perspective of Actor Network Theory, we analyze the actor composition and translation paths of rural transformation in Zhuquan Villages in Yinan County as a case study, and explore the process and mechanism of multiple actors driving the village transformation from a poor village to one of the most beautiful village in China. The results show that: (1) Multiple key actors such as Yinan County government, planning team and investment developers, together with human or non-human actors such as the Village committee, villagers, bamboo forest and spring, formed during the transformation of Zhuquan village are the subjects of heterogeneous actor network construction. (2) The transformation of Zhuquan Village is characterized by stages, with the initial stage being the construction of a network of actors through administrative recruitment by the county government to ensure the decision of rural tourism. The mid-term planning team coordinated to resolve key differences among different stakeholders in the transformation process and clarify the direction of the transformation of Zhuquan Village. Later on, the investment company developed and operated the tourist attraction through a variety of conscription methods such as capital and land, which realized the coordinated development of the tourist attraction and the construction of the new village and promoted the transformation of the rural village. (3) The transformation process of Zhuquan Village is inseparable from the joint drive of key actors, and the sharing of benefits among multiple actors is a guarantee for the sustainable transformation of the village. The paper analyzes the process of continuous reconstruction of the actor network to drive rural transformation, which can provide useful reference for optimal decision-making on rural transformation at different stages of development.

Key words: rural transformation, actor network theory, rural tourism